Click below to download my PhD thesis “Leucine is a critical factor determining protein quantity and quality of a complete meal to initiate muscle protein synthesis”
Layne Norton PhD Thesis
Norton LE and Layman DK. Leucine regulates translation initiation of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle after exercise. J Nutr. 2006; 136(2):533S-537S
Norton J Nutr 2006
Norton, L.E., Layman, D.K., Garlick, P.J., Brana, D., Anthony, T.G., Zhao, L., Devkota, S. and Walker, D.A., (2007) Translational controls of skeletal muscle protein synthesis are delayed and prolonged associated with ingestion of a complete meal. 2007 Experimental Biology meeting abstracts [on CD-ROM], Abstract #694.6
Norton LE, Layman DK, Garlick PJ et al. Isonitrogenous protein sources with different leucine contents differentially effect translation initiation and protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. FASEB J. 2008 (abstract). Norton LE, Layman DK, Garlick PJ et al. Isonitrogenous protein sources with different leucine contents differentially effect translation initiation and protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. FASEB J. 2008 (abstract).
Optimal protein intake to maximize muscle protein synthesis: Examinations of optimal meal protein intake and frequency for maximizing muscle mass in athletes. Agro Food Ind. High-Tech. 2009 Mar/Apr;20(2):54-57.
Norton J Ag Food Ind Hi Tech 2008
Norton LE, Layman DK, Bunpo P, Anthony TG, Brana DV, Garlick PJ.The leucine content of a complete meal directs peak activation but not duration of skeletal muscle protein synthesis and Mammalian target of rapamycin signaling in rats. J Nutr. 2009 Jun;139(6):1103-9.
Norton J Nutr 2009
Norton LE, Layman DK, Wilson GJ, Moulton CJ, Rupassara SI, Garlick PJ. Leucine contents of isonitrogenous protein sources predict changes in body composition and muscle mass in rats FASEB J April 6, 2010 24:97.5
Wilson GJ, Norton LE, Moulton CJ, Rupassara SI, Garlick PJ, Layman DK. Equal Distributions of Dietary Protein Throughout the Day Maximizes Rat Skeletal Muscle Mass FASEB J April 6, 2010 24:740.17
Thorpe MP, Norton LE, Moulton CJ, Johnson AJW, Evans EM, Layman DK. Protein source modifies bone health in adult rats FASEB J April 6, 2010 24:767.7
Moulton CJ, Norton LE, Wilson GJ, Layman DK. Long-term consumption of leucine-rich meals is associated with mitochondrial changes in skeletal muscle of rats FASEB J March 17, 2011 25:774.15
Wilson GJ, Moulton CJ, Norton LE, Layman DK, Anthony TG, Rupassara SI, Garlick PJ. Muscle Protein Synthesis Refractoriness is overcome by an Oral Leucine or Carbohydrate Supplement FASEB J March 17, 2011 25:233.3
Wilson GJ, Layman DK, Moulton CJ, Norton LE, Anthony TG, Proud CG, Rupassara SI, Garlick PJ. Leucine or carbohydrate supplementation reduces AMPK and eEF2 phosphorylation and extends postprandial muscle protein synthesis and rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Dec;301(6):E1236-42.
Wilson_Norton AJP 2011
Wilson JM, Wilson SMC, Loenneke JP, Wray M, Norton LE, Campbell BI, Lowery RP, Stout JR. Effects of Amino Acids and their Metabolites on Aerobic and Anaerobic Sports. Strength & Conditioning J. 2012 Epub ahead of print.
Norton LE, Wilson GJ, Layman DK, Moulton CJ, Garlick PJ. Protein distribution affects muscle mass based on differences in postprandial muscle protein synthesis and plasma leucine in rats. Int Soc Sports Nutr Symposium. 2012 Poster
Norton LE, Wilson GJ, Layman DK, Moulton CJ, Garlick PJ. Leucine content of dietary proteins is a determinant of postprandial skeletal muscle protein synthesis in adult rats. Nutr & Metab. 2012 9:67
N&M Norton 2012
Wilson JM, Lowery RP, Joy JM, Walters JA, Baier SM, Fuller JC, Stout JR, Norton LE, Sikorski EM, Wilson SMC, Duncan NM, Nelo ZE, Rathmacher J. B-Hydroxy-B-methylbutyrate free acid reduces markers of exercise-induced muscle damage and improves recovery in resistance-trained men. Br J Nutr. 2013 Jan 3:1-7.
Wilson Norton HMB